David Publishing Company; Journal of Material Sciene and Engineering
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Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, Yokohama 221-8686, Japan
Received: August 02, 2011 / Accepted: September 06, 2011 / Published: November 10, 2011.
Abstract: Abstract should be indented 4 letters, 100- to 200-words, written as a single paragraph and printed in Times 9.5-point, not bold, fully justified. Leave 30 mm in both sides. The space between the lines is 11.5-point. It should be a summary and complete in itself. The abstract should indicate the subjects dealt with in the paper and should state the objectives and the results of the investigation. Abstract should be placed here.
Key words: Moving striation, low pressure discharge, fluorescent lamp, operating frequency.
B: flat background
c: sound velocity
a: scattering angle
T: fitting parameter for a constant radial temperature gradient
The demand for dimmer control in the illuminating system is increasing at the various kind of situation. When a fluorescent lamp is operated under dimming condition, moving striations sometimes take place which cause the flicking phenomena. Although the moving striation is well known phenomenon [1, 2], its mechanism has not been clear even now [3, 4]……..
2. Experimental Setup
The fluorescent lamp (FPL36) without phosphor shown in Fig. 1 is employed in the experiment. The discharge channel of the lamp is constructed by two tubes (18 mm of an inner diameter) and one connecting narrow path (8 mm of a diameter) to ………
Fig.1 Overview of the employed lamp (FPL36).
3. Experimental Results
3.1 Shape and Moving Manner of the Striation
Three types of the striation shape shown in Fig. 2 are observed through the experiment. Which type will occur depends on the operating frequency………
Three types of moving striation shape, oval-like, peanut-like and beads-like…………
The authors wish to express their appreciation to Mr. Touno and Mr. Takagi for their …………
 G. Francis, The glow discharge at low pressure, Encyclopedia of Physics, in: S. Flügge, (Ed.) Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956, pp. 137-145. From Book
 J.R.M. Coulter, N.H.K. Armstrong, K.G. Emeleus, Generation of moving striation at a gas anode, Physica 24 (6-10) (1956) 828-830. From Periodicals
 Y. Watanabe, Characteristics of the moving striations in a fluorescent lamp under the various kind of operating conditions, in: International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases, 2009, pp. 15-9. From Conferences
 International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Home Page, http://www. iupac.org/dhtml_home.html (accessed April 24, 2005). From Internet Sources
 M. Vaynberg, H.G. Horn, R. Horn, A. Weiland, R.A. Azevedo, System and method for generation of electricity and power from waste heat and solar sources, US Patent, 6981377 B2 (2006). From Patent
 F. Achour, Caractérisation de la matière organique dans les ordures ménagères-Recherche d’indicateurs de stabilité, Ph.D. Thesis, INSA de Lyon, 2008. FromThesis
The introduction should put the focus of the manuscript into a broader context. Include a brief review of the key literature. If there are relevant controversies or disagreements in the field, they should be mentioned so that a non-expert reader can delve into these issues further. The introduction should conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the experiments and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.
2. Materials and Methods
This section should provide enough detail to allow full replication of the study by suitably skilled investigators. We encourage authors to submit, as separate supporting information files, detailed protocols for newer or less well-established methods.
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